Domination culture is based on the idea that the ideal human is a powerful one. Since we cannot be ultimately powerful over death, vulnerability, and limitation we try to become dominant over others. This is called the teeter-totter of dominance and submission. Over time this teeter-totter results in increasing differences in the power, wealth, and happiness of human beings. Over time it leads to the degradation of human beings and the environment.
As this image from Dan Erlander shows us, domination culture always says that it is blessed and ordained by God. It is hard to fight city hall and it is even harder to fight the will of the gods. If the gods or God has made the world this way, who are we to question it. The king, queen, or president was put there by God and so we cannot question her or him.
Domination culture is not something that is just imposed on us, as we sometimes think. Domination is something that everyone participates in: to the degree that we deny the painful contradictions of human existence and yearn for the ideal of power, we become trapped into dominance and submission. Nor is domination culture just an organizational chart that if we do a re-org we can fix.
Domination is a spirituality of denial about what life is like using the illusion of power to achieve this denial.
Christianity and Judaism began as resistance movements within domination cultures. The Hebrew people began in Egypt and Christianity began in Roman Occupied Palestine. Unfortunately, it is very easy for such resistance movements to lose their way. By the 4th century, Christianity was taken over by the Roman Empire and it began, almost unwittingly, to serve as a chaplain for domination.
This fact makes many Christians and non Christians alike very sad. Many of us see that we are working to recover a more genuine Christianity. Thankfully, there were always movements that sought to remember Jesus' nonviolent resistance to domination, his call to participate with him in changing domination from within, and to reform the church to be salt, leaven, and light in the world.
While our own cultural setting is quite different from the one Jesus lived in, we continue to live in a culture warped by domination. We may not be able to totally unplug from domination culture, but we can withdraw our support for it and seek to resonate with God's Reign of Mutuality.